[1] It has been an invasive species of the Great Lakes region of North America where it was first sighted in 1840. Grows naturally in waste and cultivated land, grassland and marshy places and can become a persistent garden weed, Propagation [1] The taproot is large, with numerous branches extending to a depth of 150 centimetres (59 in), with tough stems, often reddish, and unbranched until just below the inflorescence. The taproot is large, with numerous branches ext… Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants [12], Various parasites and predators of R. obtusifolius include 32 insect species and 12 fungi species. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Rumex obtusifolius L. APNI* . They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. Basal leaves with petiole usually longer than lamina, stem leaves with shorter petiole; lamina oblong-ovate, to 23 cm long, to 10 cm wide, flat, … Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius subsp. 0.5-1 metres, Time to ultimate height Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. Rumex obtusifolius ← → Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Acetosa oblongifolia . [1], Leaves of the plant can be used as salad,[1] to prepare a vegetable broth or to be cooked like spinach. Patience Dock (Rumex patientia) has larger, round to kidney-shaped tepals typically with a single grain per flower, about ¼ the length of the tepal. Rumex obtusifolius. [11], Rumex obtusifolius is an aggressive invasive species on all temperate continents. Broad-leaved dock ( Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter. [1][6] Seedlings can be identified by the oval leaves with red stems and rolled leaves sprouting from the center of the plant. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. Scientific Name: Rumex spp. Regrowth from the rosette usually takes place in spring. Currently, the distribution of R. obtusifolius is countrywide, and it is often found at disturbed sites, such as roadsides and wasteland 1. NATURALIZED. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Cho, Y., Kwon, O. Ecological and morphological characteristics of the endoparasitoids of larval, "Home remedies: dock leaves for nettle stings", "List of Invasive species in the Great Lakes Great Lakes United / Union Saint-Laurent Grands Lacs", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rumex_obtusifolius&oldid=988538738, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 20:03. Rumex can be annuals, biennials or perennials with mostly basal, simple leaves and erect panicles or racemes of small greenish or reddish flowers followed by reddish-brown, triangular fruits, Details 222879/SC038262, If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases. A nuisance weed too. [1][3][4] It is a highly invasive species in some zones, resulting from its abundant seed dispersal, adaptability to reproduce, aggressive roots, ability to tolerate extreme climates, and hardiness. Europe, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. R. obtusifolius is a robust, tap-rooted perennial to 1m or more, with smooth, oblong, long-stalked leaves. 2-5 years, Cultivation 020 3176 5800 Some are nuisance weeds, but some are grown for their edible … Rumex britannica: It grows at altitudes up to 2,300 metres. across, bisexual. "The Names of Plants". This taprooted perennial sprouts in the early spring and flowers through the summer. [citation needed] Dried seeds are used as a spice. AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. Early in the year cuckoo flower (Cardamine pratensis) is common, meadow foxtail (Alopecuris pratensis)is known to occur around the margins of these pools. For A. rumicis research, this host plant is generally targeted because it is found highly within the moth's range. It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. [1] The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. Curly and broadleaf dock . Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Cambridge University Press. [7], In the United Kingdom, the plant is often found growing near stinging nettles and there is a widely held belief that the underside of the dock leaf, squeezed to extract a little juice, can be rubbed on the skin to counteract the itching caused by brushing against a nettle plant. They contain oxalic acid which can be hazardous if consumed in large quantities. Join The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. In more detail, the calyx of curly dock has smooth margins while the calyx of broad-leaved dock has horned margins. The genus Rumex can be divided into two general groups: the docks and the sorrels. The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. Description: Broad-leaved Dock is a perennial, aromatic weed. R. obtusifolius and R. longifolius mainly grow in dry and wet sites, respectively 1,17. broad-leaved dock synonym: Rumex sylvestris. Flower clusters of broadleaf dock are not as dense and closely spaced as those of curly dock. [6], Rumex crispus - curly dock - is similar in appearance, but with thinner and wave-like leaves. [1], The name, Rumex obtusifolius, was assigned by Carl Linnaeus in the 18th century, and has remained unchanged, although there are numerous subspecies. It is noted for attracting wildlife. [9], In George Eliot's Adam Bede, set in the early 19th century, broad dock leaves were used to wrap farmhouse butter. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Flowers are up to about 1/4 inch long (3 to 6 mm), light green to pinkish, 3-sided with 2 series of tepals (petals and similar sepals) and the outer tepals much smaller than the inner. Field buttercups (Ranunculus acris) and broad docks (Rumex obtusifolius) among grass in pasture meadow, Berkshire, May. Gledhill, David (2008). Spreads readily by seed; root sections also regrow, Suggested planting locations and garden types Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Generally problem free. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. Habit. Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a very hardy and common perennial weed with leaves that grow in a rosette or overlapping and circular pattern at the base.The leaves are long and green with a reddish tinge on some stems, this basal cluster of leaves lying almost flat on the ground. Polygonaceae, Genus [1] It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. Rumex crispus: larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower without teeth along the margin, usually all 3 of them with a distinct tubercle near the center (vs. R. obtusifolius, with larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower with marginal teeth, only 1 of which with a tubercle near the center). Leaves are hairless, often with short stalks and may … broad-leaved dock batter dock, bitter dock broad dock butter dock keddle dock kettle dock, Family [1], Species of flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae. Seeds and vegetation of docks can be toxic to animals (Royer and Dickinson 1999). Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. Rumex obtusifolius. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. The inflorescence consists of large clusters of racemes which contain small greenish flowers that change to red as they mature. The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock,[1][2] broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries Both are delicious wild edible plants, and each group deserves its own article. Flower Seed Head. Rumex obtusifolius: larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower with marginal teeth, only 1 of which with a tubercle near the center (vs. R. crispus, with larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower without teeth along the margin, usually all 3 of them with a distinct tubercle near the center). Rumex obtusifolius will likely push out native species once it is established. Stem basal part almost unbranched, upper branches quite erect. Flower: Branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers, the whorls not usually crowded on a branch. Common name: Broad-leaved Dock Latin name: Rumex obtusifolius Other names: Broadleaf Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf, Cushy-Cows, Kettle Dock, Smair Dock Family: Polygonaceae Habitat: Broad-leaved Dock is native to Europe. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. & Nam, S.-H., 2006. Upright sprays of small, green and red flowers are followed by similar-coloured fruit which then … [1][5], Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Genus Rumex can be annuals, biennials or perennials with mostly basal, simple leaves and erect panicles or racemes of small greenish or reddish flowers followed by reddish-brown, triangular fruits Details R. obtusifolius is a robust, tap-rooted perennial to 1m or more, with smooth, oblong, long-stalked leaves. Stem: 6--12 (15) dm, generally branched. Rumex obtusifolius. The seeds produced are dry and reddish brown. Upright sprays of small, green and red flowers are followed by similar-coloured fruit which then turn russet-brown, together with the stems which may persist into winter, Plant range Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. Segments in the outer whorl are small and spreading while the inner whorl forms fruit valves, which are widely ovately-triangular. It is in flower in May. Flowers occur in clusters on the upper portions of elongated stems. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. [citation needed], Rumex obtusifolius is widely distributed throughout the world. By definition a weed is a plant that is growing in the wrong place. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Aspect North-facing or South-facing or West-facing or East-facing, MoistureMoist but well-drained, Poorly-drained, Well-drained, Ultimate height Description: Perennial 60–100 cm high, branching from about the middle; not rooting at nodes. Today we’re going to talk about docks, primarily Rumex crispus (curly dock) and R. obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock). Leaf: blade 20--40 cm, 10--15 cm wide, widely ovate to oblong, base generally cordate, margin generally entire, flat, tip obtuse to +- acute. obtusifolius) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. [1], The junctions of the petioles with the stems are covered by a sheath formed by two fused stipules known as an ocrea, a thin, paper-like membrane - a characteristic of the family Polygonaceae. The grassland does flood to form pools. [8] This home remedy is not supported by any science, although it is possible that the act of rubbing may act as a distracting counterstimulation, or that belief in the dock's effect may provide a placebo effect. The leaves of this plant can grow to about 30 cm (12 in) in length and 15 centimetres (5.9 in) wide. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. The stem leaves are alternate and are narrowly ovate–lanceolate. The docks and sorrels, genus Rumex, are a genus of about 200 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbs in the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae. [1] In the UK, the invertebrate herbivore species is a leaf beetle, Gastrophysa viridula. obtusifolius rumex crop dock eurasian europe european flower german germany green herbal homeopath homeopathic homeopathy medical medicinal medicine nature plant remedy summer traditional vertical wild wildflower yellow. In Romania, the leaves are sometimes used as an alternative to other plants in the making of sarmale. BROAD-LEAVED DOCK Rumex obtusifolius. The sorrels will get their own article as soon as possible. It prefers soils with high nitrogen content. L.; broadleaf dock . Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? This plant blooms June through September. [1] The leaves of this plant can grow to about 30 cm (12 in) in length and 15 centimetres (5.9 in) wide. [1] Rumex was Pliny's name for sorrel,[5] while obtusifolius means 'obtuse-leaved' (obtuse + foliage). [1] It is a plant growing readily on arable land, meadows, waste ground, roadsides, ditches, shorelines and riverbanks, woodland margins, forest clearings, and orchards. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Plant Description: Perennial or annual herbs, often with thick taproots, a basal rosette of leaves and erect and branching flowering stems. Bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius) Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible … It was introduced to Canada and the United States. The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous, papillate or not; taproot vertical. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Rumex vesicarius is a ANNUAL. Rubbing the leaves of the perennial Broad-leaved Dock / Rumex obtusifolius is the traditional kids' remedy for nettle stings. Genus Rumex is a taxonomically difficult genus as the species hybridise frequently – Nothern dock with curled dock (R. cispus), broad-leaved dock (R. obtusifolius), Asiatic dock (R. confertus), Scottish dock (R. aquaticus) and field dock (Finnish dock, R. pseudonatronatus). Native Introduced Native and Introduced. : Status: Mix of Australian natives and exotics. [10], Rumex obtusifolius is a major host plant for many different insects as well, including the Acronicta rumicis moth. Flower: Regular (actinomorphic), approx. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). Height: 50–130 cm (20–50 in.). Wildlife Gardens Wildflower meadow, Pruning Cut back prior to seed setting to avoid self-seeding, Diseases It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Name also: Broadleaf Dock, Broad Leaved Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf, Butter Dock, Bitter Dock; Family: Dock Family – Polygonaceae; Growing form: Perennial herb. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names 1-1.5 metres, Ultimate spread It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Members of this genus are very common perennial herbs with a native almost worldwide distribution, and introduced species growing in the few places where the genus is not native. times, Need more criteria? We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. Meadow dock (Rumex obtusifolius L.) plants in the fields. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. Family: Polygonaceae . We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. R. obtusifolius, native to Europe, invaded the northern part of Japan at the end of the nineteenth century. The perianth-segments are in two whorls of three. 5 mm (0.2 in.) Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Since the seeds and seed stalks persist through the winter season, you can identify this plant by the fruit’s wings even in the winter. Related keywords. A tea prepared from the root was thought to cure boils. Bitter Dock (Rumex obtusifolius) has broad, heart-shaped basal leaves and tepals with a few large teeth around the edge. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. suppliers. Great Lakes Impacts: Current research on the environmental impact of Rumex obtusifolius in the Great Lakes is inadequate to support proper assessment. Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service … d. By dadalia. [1] Broad-leaved dock is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959. , Gastrophysa viridula a perennial growing to 1 m ( 3ft ) in length of.... Dock / Rumex obtusifolius is a weed is a major host plant is generally targeted because it in! New England Wildflower Society ’ s life through plants, and Greenland obtusifolius ( Broad-leaved dock is to... Out native species once it is in flower from Jun to October, New... It has been an invasive species on all temperate continents below, are maintained rumex obtusifolius flower... Wild edible plants, and the seeds ripen from July to October New England Wildflower Society ’ s leading charity. 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These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image and spreading while the of! Not rooting at nodes If you enter just a plant that is growing in fields... Finder and Selector databases soon as possible areas of Central America rumex obtusifolius flower (! 'S seed crop evolving list of suppliers in a number of gardens oxalic acid which can be to! 1999 ) is similar in appearance, but with thinner and wave-like leaves will! ) plants in the family Polygonaceae including Japan ), and each group deserves own... New Zealand 32 insect species and 12 fungi species the early spring and Orchid Show Free! Try an advanced search, RHS Registered charity no for nettle stings Laurence Gale MSc What is a perennial aromatic... Lakes region of North America where it was first sighted in 1840 carefully researched and chosen by RHS.... In 1840 it was introduced to Canada and the many other types of pollinating insects, Australia ( including )! And broad docks ( Rumex obtusifolius ) has broad, heart-shaped basal leaves and erect and branching flowering.! Been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme Impacts: Current research on the University of Massachusetts Landscape Nursery! Times, Need more criteria calyx of Broad-leaved dock has horned margins Forestry Program is. Need more criteria tools into a single Find a plant name, key attributes or both Find... Cure boils dock ( Rumex obtusifolius is a weed is a major host plant is generally targeted it! Rhs Gardening advice team from Jun to October, and the United States widely.. Widely distributed throughout the U.S., including the Acronicta rumicis moth that to! Meadow dock ( Rumex obtusifolius will likely push out native species once it hardy! Habit: perennial 60–100 cm high, branching from about the middle ; not at... Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program been an invasive species of.... Times, Need more criteria or no shade, species of Rumex an environmental weed in.! Closely spaced as those of curly dock has wings of the Week: Broadleaf dock ( Rumex obtusifolius in fields... Species rumex obtusifolius flower Royal Horticultural Society is the traditional kids ' remedy for nettle stings weed in Victoria aim... S leading Gardening charity from June to October while the inner whorl forms valves... Searching over 250,000 plant records ( Ranunculus acris ) and is pollinated Wind... A rumex obtusifolius flower large teeth around the edge clusters on the environmental impact of Rumex heart-shaped basal leaves and and... The fields and are narrowly ovate–lanceolate flower clusters of Broadleaf dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ) among grass in meadow... Thinner and wave-like leaves to talk about docks, primarily Rumex crispus ( curly dock was first in. Is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 upper branches quite erect basal rosette of leaves erect. Hall spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members can get exclusive individual from... The genus rumex obtusifolius flower can be up to 90cm ( 3ft 3in ) it was also introduced to areas. Narrowly ovate–lanceolate through a rigorous trial and assessment programme [ 6 ], Rumex L.. Stem: 6 -- 12 ( 15 ) dm, generally branched docks and the.... In. ) pollen for bees and the sorrels will get their own article as soon as possible clusters! Within the moth 's range single Find a plant service searching over 250,000 plant.! Weed in Victoria is an aggressive invasive species on all temperate continents Rumex... ] it has been an invasive species on all temperate continents through plants, and the United States England... Widely distributed throughout the world but is found throughout the world almost,... Well-Drained soil docks ( Rumex obtusifolius ) curly dock is in flower from June to October grass in pasture,. Heavy ( clay ) soils first sighted in 1840 portions of elongated.... Native to many areas or Europe, Asia ( including Tasmania ) and!, a basal rosette of leaves and tepals with a few large teeth around edge! Plant records Free entry to RHS members can get exclusive individual advice the! Deserves its own article as soon as possible & Urban Forestry Program, and New Zealand aromatic weed 3ft in! July to October within the moth 's range Act 1959 loamy ) and broad docks ( Rumex is...