The National Archives holds the service records of Australians who served with the Army in World War II. The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945. In some instances, the soldiers’ supply lines were indeed cut off and they were genuinely hungry. The Japanese dead were buried in common graves, 5, 6, and up to 10 in one grave. Feb. 1943: Soldiers of the Australian forces advance through a coconut grove and kunai grass in Japanese occupied New Guinea during World War II. New Guinea. New Guinea, 1,500 miles long, is the second largest island in the world, located immediately north of the Australian continent. Papua New Guinea soldiers mark Remembrance Day at the Port Moresby war memorial depicting ‘fuzzy wuzzy angel’ Raphael Oimbari leading a wounded Australian soldier to medical aid. A total of 5,770 Australian soldiers are known to have died in Papua and New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago and Bougainville. Approximately 7,000 Australian soldiers, sailors and airmen died during the New Guinea Campaign. Gorari. In 1942, a group of Australian nurses were murdered by Japanese soldiers in what came to be known as the Bangka Island massacre. Their steel helmets were placed on the top of the graves. The smoke is from mortar fire during the fierce fighting in the final assault which took Buna, the Japanese stronghold. We hold the following records of World War II service: Personnel service records for the Second Australian Imperial Force 1939-47 (Series B883). In this photo is an Australian burying party. Most of the hand to hand fighting took place in the Gorari region, where one Australian unit killed and buried over 500 Japanese. The wide variety of cases include the soldiers eating the flesh of Australian soldiers, Asian laborers, and Indigenous people in Papua New Guinea. Interesting WW2 facts you may not know about Rabaul, Kavieng and the Papua New Guinea Islands • In 1941 a small Australian Army garrison of 1,400 personnel, known as ‘Lark Force’, consisting of the 2/22nd Battalion and supporting units, was sent to Rabaul, New Britain, to protect its airfields and seaplane anchorages and act as a link Service records. Sixty years ago, it was the only vehicular road across the Central Ranges of New Guinea. 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