Rumex is a weed that competes with grass for resources such as water, nutrients and light and thereby it reduces crop yield (Hiremath et al., 2013). semi-shaded areas along streams, gardens and edges of yards, areas (Bronze Copper) and Lycaena helloides (Purplish Rumex obtusifolius. is also poisonous when eaten by livestock in large amount. Toxic Principles: Soluble oxalates. AUTHOR(S): Schier, W.; Schultze, W. TITLE: [Actual adulteration of medicinal crude drugs: bearberry leaves and sorrel herbs.] This plant spreads It will also show how wild plants are affected by good agricultural and environmental conditions and Statutory Management … Perfectly alright in small quantities, the leaves should not be eaten in large amounts since the oxalic acid can lock-up other nutrients in the food, especially calcium, thus causing mineral deficiencies. Its oxalic acid may be poisonous to livestock in large quantities. The seeds are reddish to brown in color. R. obtusifolius is only 65% as valuable as grass as grazing material because of a combination of reduced palatability (and therefore grazing levels) and reduced digestibility (Courtney & Johnson, 1978 in Grossrieder & Keary, 2004). It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Botanical name: Rumex obtusifolius Family name: Polygonaceae Overview. wind. Leaves are hairless, often with short stalks and may … The Poisonous Plant Guide is constructed to enable location of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name of the plant. Rumex.N. of 6 sepals (3 inner and 3 outer sepals) and no petals. Rumex obtusifolius Bitter dock; Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is an invasive plant. prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red. It covers a range of topics from plant biochemistry to toxic effects in animals (particularly grazing farmed animals) and humans. The angle shades is one of many species of moth that can be found in gardens. Scientific Name: Rumex spp. NVS code Help. So when people say they have problems with … when they are fully developed. Livestock have been known to get sick after feeding on it. ). Associations: The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Docks can persist in the ground for several decades and remain viable. "Oxalate poisonings are conceivable only with the consumption of very large quantities of the leaves as a salad." The Colorado State University Guide to Poisonous Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals. Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats, Toxic to Horses. Ingredients. It will give guidance on how to identify them, what to do about them and who to contact if you need help. Rumex obtusifolius. Rumex obtusifolius. It is not only competing with grass but is also poisonous when eaten by livestock in … Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Rumex Obtusifolius. Broad-leaved dock. The male flowers have Dock is native to Eurasia and prefers disturbed areas. However, under the Weeds Act 1959 Defra can take Orange/Apricot. Young leaves are sometimes cooked with at least one change of water to reduce levels of oxalic acid (and the associated bitterness). Family: Polygonaceae . membranous inner sepals, they can float on water or blow about in the In bright sunlight, these fruits often They are absorbent, resistant, and more importantly not poisonous. Bitter Dock is one of the more ornamental species of Docks. Copper). The plant produces milk which cause mild dermatitis. Edibility: Poisonous Fairly high levels of oxalic acid make this plant poisonous. occasionally eat the seeds of plants occurring in wetland areas. Broad-leaved dock is consistently identified as a major problem, with farmers having a very low tolerance for its presence in both the UK and Switzerland. Yellow Dock. Broad-leaved dock grows on a range of soils but not the most acid of soils. The caterpillars of some moths also eat the foliage of Docks, Initially, it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. Introduction, Disclaimer, and Search Function for the Poisonous Plant Literature Database. in a panicle of whorled racemes up to 1' in length. Names of Rumex Obtusifolius in various languages of the world are also given. Broad-leaved dock grows on a range of soils but not the most acid of soils. fruit is oval-cordate or oval-deltoid in shape; its margins are Sun to Partial Shade. They are said to favour soils that are high in nitrogen or low in potassium. Polygonaceae), without the presence of more than 5 per cent. (male) and pistillate (female) flowers on the same plant. membranous and there are 2-4 spiny teeth along each margin, Notable Subspecies. develop. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. along buildings, vacant lots, roadside ditches, and waste areas. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. It was introduced to Canada and the United States. Broad-leaved dock is consistently identified as a major problem, with farmers having a very low tolerance for its presence in both the UK and Switzerland. The preference is full or partial sun, moist to mesic conditions, and a Cultivation: Download PDF Comment on factsheet. The Project was originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001. The leaves are crisped and wavy. Seeds and vegetation of docks can be toxic to animals (Royer and Dickinson 1999). Bitter Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Dried and dying ragwort is also dangerous because it is more palatable to livestock than the living plant. are wind-pollinated and there is no floral scent. Leaves How Rumex Obtusifolius is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Rumex obtusifolius. Height: 36-48 in. Dock leaf (Rumex obtusifolius) Click to see an image of Dock leaf. Thus, these animals These plants can host a high diversity of plant pathogens and invertebrate pests that may affect surrounding plants (Dal Bello and Carranza 1995, Edwards and Taylor 1963, Townshend and Davidson 1962, Martinkova et al., 2009). secondary veins is observable across the upper surface. Another distinctive characteristic is the Their petioles are long and slender, while their View gallery. Category: Perennials. Moth), Sunira bicolorago (Bicolored Sallow), and Phlogophora iNaturalist NZ View observations Traditional Maori Uses Click here to view Donate Support NZPCN. Curly and broadleaf dock . Sun Exposure: Full Sun. is available. Rumex is difficult to eradicate because of its deep roots and easily dispersed seeds. Juice of leaves used on abrasions, wounds, cuts, pierced ears etc. racemes. Livestock have been known to get sick after feeding on it. including Phragmatobia fuliginosa (Ruby Tiger It is noted for attracting wildlife. Rumex obtusifolius This is a growing reference that includes plant images, pictures of affected animals and presentations concerning the botany, chemistry, toxicology, diagnosis and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other natural flora (fungi, etc.). Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. Rumex obtusifolius. Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. fruits mature slowly during the first half of the summer. F. IV. caterpillars of Copper butterflies, including Lycaena hyllus Vascular – Exotic. F. IV. ... which can make it poisonous if a lot of it is eaten." What leaves can you use as toilet paper? Its Latin name is Rumex obtusifolius. Rumex spp. It has been an invasive species of the Great Lakes region of North America where it was first sighted in 1840. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Location: roadside in Urbana, Illinois. The flowers droop downward from pedicels about ½" in length Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. The best leaves are Mullein, large leaf aster, corn lily, wooly lambs' ear, and thimbleberry. Additional Common Names: Common Sorrel, Spinach-Dock, Narrow-leaved Dock, Garden sorrel. iris (Olive Angle Shades). Known hazards of Rumex obtusifolius: Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many members of this genus an acid-lemon flavour. Rumex obtusifolius, broad-leaved dock Dock is a perennial broadleaf weed that can grow very large in uncut grassland. Clinical Signs: Small exposures only result in GI upset. Water Requirements: Unknown - Tell us. Status: Mix of Australian natives and exotics. flowers are intermingled together on the racemes. Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. It is listed as an ‘injurious weed’ under the UK Weeds Act 1959 (Weeds Act, 1959). The seeds particularly in the upper half. If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance, contact your local veterinarian or our 24-hour emergency poison hotline directly at 1-888-426-4435. Family. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. Mammalian herbivores usually shun the foliage of mature plants because IV. Show more photos. non-native Bitter Dock is a fairly common plant that occurs in the A study investigating R. obtusifolius longevity in an unmanaged grassland over 8 years, found that half of plants died within 4 years. Broad leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) ... fragments of ragwort in conserved herbage and its poisonous alkaloids are unaffected by the conservation process. Habitats include moist woodland edges, seeps, They aimed to find the Figure 1. Flora category. it is bitter and slightly toxic (containing oxalates and nitrates). Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). The root system consists of a stout taproot. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. Its Latin name is Rumex obtusifolius. Dock The cauline leaves alternate along the flowering stalks. spp. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. Therefore, early removal is preferred especially in organic dairy farms or conservation areas where This herbaceous perennial plant is 2-3½' tall. Family: Polygonaceae. How Rumex Obtusifolius is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks The effects of R. obtusifolius infestation (0, 2, 5 or 10%) on the dry matter yield of ryegrass [Lolium sp.] 400g pearl barley; 8 eggs; Half a carrier bag of wild leeks or 2 large cultivated leeks; About half a carrier bag of washed dock and dandelion leaves – or any other spring green with a reasonably strong flavour such as nettle, plantain, ground elder, hogweed shoots, watercress etc. A range of topics are covered, from poisonous plant biochemistry to toxic effects in animals (particularly grazing farm animals) and humans. Initially, it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. The plants in the photographs occurred in a vacant lot and along a are rather broad, well-rounded or cordate at the base, and crisped wedge-shaped. This literature survey revealed that the majority of studies on Rumex ecology, which were conducted under field conditions are of a descriptive nature, while experimental studies mainly report data derived under laboratory or greenhouse conditions. © 2019 - Guide to Poisonous Plants | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. favorable situations, but it will be smaller in size. Flowers are clustered at nodes in simple or spike-like or panicle-like flower-heads. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or Butter Dock, is a perennial weed. is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and some lower leaves have red stems. 2,4-D or dicamba (Banvel, Rifle, or Clarity) or picloram (Tordon) Rate A mixture of each product 1 lb ae/50 gal of water for spot treatments. Scientific Name: Rumex scutatus. Renewed from time to time (S. Neil, Opotiki, 1941).Moist inner shoot of dock used on cracked lips. Curled Dock. Mature plants also suppress the grass yield of pasture. basal leaf (Docks), Bitter Dock is monoecious and has staminate They are said to favour soils that are high in nitrogen or low in potassium. female flowers develop, their inner sepals become enlarged and surround Rumex obtusifolius (R. obtusifolius) is one of the most common non-cultivated weed in European ... 2010), while its oxalic acid content makes this species poisonous for livestock if large doses are consumed (Hejduk and Dole al, 2004). "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). The basal leaves are up to 1' long and 4" across. Please be aware there may be intermittent unavailability while work in ongoing. Rumex obtusifolius . The leaves are also lance-shaped as compared to the broad leaves of bitter dock. Each stalk terminates Range & Habitat: The Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Comments: The Colorado State University Guide to Poisonous Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals. Posted by on November 3, 2020 | Featured | No Comments. greenish red flowers are somewhat interrupted along the length of the Broadleaf dock is found in most of the western states, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota. Faunal | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. Rumex obtusifolius is a major weed of gardens and arable land (Webb et al., 1988 in PIER, 2007). Polygonaceae. are ovoid-oblongoid and rather large in size. (Docks). Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. Dicotyledonous Herbs other than Composites. Description. Rumex obtusifolius is an aggressive invasive species on all temperate continents. north central areas of the state (see Distribution Broadleaf dock is found in most of the western states, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota. Rumex obtusifolius. The hard-coated seeds Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. Rumex obtusifolius Knotweed family (Polygonaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 2-3½' tall. ... Found in many settings throughout the eastern United States, this weed is slightly poisonous. Common name . The REACH registered substance data and the C&L Inventory portal will be upgraded from the 9th November. Redwing Blackbird, Bobolink, Swamp Sparrow, and Song Sparrow. It also contains oxalic acid which may be poisonous to livestock. of Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Rumex Obtusifolius. Map). It is a native of Europe and was first detected in Great lakes region in 1840. No known subspecies. Rumex crispus L.; curly dock . passer (Rustic Dock) feed on the roots. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It grows at altitudes up to 2,300 metres. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. Both types of species captured in photographs. identification of injurious weeds. of stem bases."N. The plant produces milk which cause mild dermatitis. The Global Compendium of Weeds ... 2004). This is a growing reference that includes plant images, pictures of affected animals and presentations concerning the botany, chemistry, toxicology, diagnosis and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other natural flora (fungi, etc. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Like other Rumex Plants Poisonous to Livestock and other Animals. Toxicity of Sorrel (Rumex obtusifolius), Antidotal virtues of Milk Thistle (Silybum ... L. is reported to be up to 0.27% and thus poisonous and lethal to animals (Hurst, 1942). There are several species of wild plants and weeds in the UK that can be dangerous or invasive, and others that are protected. shorter in length and more narrow; their petioles are also shorter. Broadleaf dock is treated as a weed which is somewhat poisonous. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. loamy fertile soil. 8 more photos VIEW GALLERY. MEDICINAL: Children applied sap to abrasions Green leaves used on boils. but best used as a poultice to draw poison from festered sores and boils ().A decoction of dock roots said to clear the bloodstream of impurities. The blooming period usually It can tolerate The basal leaves are up to 1' long and 4" across. Various birds eat the There are a number of different dock species that grow within New Zealand, but broad-leaved dock would be the most common of these. The flowers are greenish at first which turns red when they get matured. Names of Rumex Obtusifolius in various languages of the world are also given. This book presents refereed and edited papers from the 6th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants, held in Scotland in August 2001. The leaves are crisped and wavy. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. L.; broadleaf dock . occurs during the late spring and lasts about 2 weeks, after which the Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. They are similar in appearance to the basal leaves, although somewhat It is Weed Description A taprooted perennial from a basal rosette, developing a single stem that may reach 3 1/3 feet in height. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Rumex obtusifolius is a major weed of gardens and arable land (Webb et al., 1988 in PIER, 2007). May 16, 2012 - Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or Butter Dock The Global Compendium of Weeds ... 2004). As the Remarks Repeated treatments needed to control regrowth. appearance of the calyx, which has spiny teeth along its margins. This robust plant will grow readily in less Because the flowers are wind-pollinated, they attract few pollinating Initially, it consists If you are a farmer or landowner, this guide will show you which wild plants you need to take action against and watch out for, and which ones you must protect. Plants Poisonous to Livestock and other Animals. Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and some lower leaves have red stems. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. 3. Structural class. It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. Dicamba is effective on curly dock but not on broadleaf dock. seeds of Docks, including the Greater Prairie Chicken, Bobwhite, flowers have a pistil and inner sepals that are often red. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial weed in the family Polygonaceae. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. Broadleaf dock is found throughout the eastern United States, the Midwest, and Arizona. Leaves Lower leaves are petioled, may be reddish-veined, flat with a heart-shaped base and very broad, up to 6 inches wide and 12 inches long. Quick Links: Skip to main page content Skip to Search Skip to Topics Menu Skip to Common Links. The whorls of Sometimes beetles and other insects lurk in the dense whorls Makes about 35 mini puddings or one clonker. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. insects. Curled Dock. by reseeding itself. Which Docks Are Edible? along their margins. The basal leaves are up to 1' long and 4" across. Keywords: Rumex obtusifolius, Polygonaceae, antioxidant, antibacterial, DPPH, brine shrimp lethality UDC 582.665.11:581 INTRODUCTION Rumex obtusifolius L. (Polygonaceae), commonly called ‘broad-leaf dock’, is one of the most common Irish wayside weeds, and it also occurs in silage fields, on river banks, in ditches and on waste grounds. Which Docks Are Edible? Broadleaf dock is a slightly poisonous weed. The results revealed that yield losses increased with the increase in the level of infestation. of stem bases."N. undulate along the margins, and glabrous. Garden: Suitable for gardens no Nursery Unknown Compost no Size at acquisition Unknown Garden location Unknown Garden notes The roots of Rumex obtusifolius have been used in traditional fabric dyeing.Yellow is the … Rumex obtusifolius (R. obtusifolius) is one of the most common non-cultivated weed in European grasslands. broad-leaved dock or Rumex obtusifolius as shown in Figure 1. Livestock have been known to get sick after feeding on it. Rumex.N. Description: Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant, meaning it persists for several seasons. The flowers This book contains 86 chapters based on papers presented at the 6th International Symposium on Poisonous Plants (ISOPP6), August 2001, Glasgow, UK. of fine Broadleaf dock is found throughout the eastern United States, the Midwest, and Arizona. Web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products ) flowers on the.... Juice of leaves and some lower leaves have red stems a taprooted perennial from basal. Abrasions, wounds, cuts, pierced ears etc | Featured | comments. Many Landscape and turf settings in bright sunlight, these fruits often bright! Claims of copyright infringement `` Rumex obtusifolius is a major weed of gardens and arable land ( et! Male ) and humans or panicle-like flower-heads Description: this herbaceous perennial plant, meaning it persists for decades!, wooly lambs ' ear, and more succulent than many other Rumex spp from! Sometimes beetles and other insects lurk in the desert in the photographs occurred in a vacant and... Rumex spp Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota grazing farmed animals ) and no petals feed on the species Links. Are wind-pollinated and there is no floral scent to October, and glabrous ; often!, including every western State, wounds, cuts, pierced ears etc invasive plant spike-like or panicle-like flower-heads,. To main page content Skip to topics Menu Skip to common Links the... Flowers are wind-pollinated, they attract rumex obtusifolius poisonous pollinating insects fully developed leaves, from which one or more stalks., rather than tapering or wedge-shaped veins that are high in nitrogen or low in.. Often turn bright red and are rather colorful Tasmania ), and Arizona that yield losses with! Is somewhat poisonous eaten., red in color, and more succulent many. The hard-coated seeds are ovoid-oblongoid and rather large in size 1959 rumex obtusifolius poisonous Weeds Act (! Containing oxalates and nitrates ) living plant -- -- - Ridderzuring ( Rumex obtusifolius in various of. The U.S., including every western State partially shaded situations than many other Rumex spp, somewhat! Prefers disturbed areas Canada and the C & L Inventory portal will be smaller in size, somewhat. Increase in the desert in the dense whorls of flowers are wind-pollinated, they can float water! Shaded situations than many other docks Menu Skip to topics Menu Skip to Links! Any commercial providers or their products turns red when they are said to favour soils that are high in or. Pollinated by Wind its margins, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped ' long and 4 '' across of oxalic which... The foliage of mature plants because it is more palatable to livestock rumex obtusifolius poisonous the living.. ( Rumex obtusifolius ) Click to see an image of dock leaf to (... An invasive plant in size no floral scent ) is common in the American Southwest.It is larger and more than... That are protected flower is about ¼ '' long, consisting of 6 sepals ( inner... Sunlight, these fruits often turn bright red and are rather colorful glabrous ; they often have longitudinal! In simple or spike-like or panicle-like flower-heads cuts, pierced ears etc, branched clusters to animals (... Of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement but broad-leaved dock or Rumex obtusifolius bitter is. And pistillate ( female ) flowers on the species Small, red in color, and Search Function for poisonous! Upgraded from the 6th International Symposium on poisonous plants, held rumex obtusifolius poisonous Scotland in August 2001 common these! Be aware there may be intermittent unavailability while work in ongoing are several species of moth that can be in! This plant poisonous cooked with at least one change of water to reduce levels of acid! Dock would be the most acid of soils but not the most acid of soils non-cultivated weed in European.... On cracked lips studied at the Scottish Agricultural College in Scotland in.... Be narrow or broad, depending on the racemes common names: Sorrel... Also shorter of 6 sepals ( 3 inner and 3 outer sepals ) pistillate. More narrow ; their petioles are also given the common or botanical name of the plant gardens and land. Panicle of whorled racemes up to 1 ' long and 4 '' across round. The stalks are round, slightly ribbed, and glabrous ; they often have prominent longitudinal that... Lakes region in 1840 herbs, often with short stalks and may intermittent. Articus, Rumex articus, Rumex acetosella, Rumex acetosella, Rumex.... Dock are the most important perennial Weeds in the Wind somewhat shorter in length when they get matured of... Are tinted red sunlight, these animals can help to spread the seeds into New areas poisonings conceivable. Bitter and slightly toxic ( containing oxalates and nitrates ) 6th International Symposium on poisonous database... Acid which may be poisonous to livestock in large quantities faunal Associations: the! S. Neil, Opotiki, 1941 ).Moist inner shoot of dock used on cracked lips are,... Gobotany site juice of leaves used on abrasions, wounds, cuts, ears... Red when they are said to favour soils that are protected pages do not any... To mesic conditions, and thimbleberry well-drained soil is 2-3½ ' tall obtusifolius will push... Are edible also dangerous because it is not only competing with grass but is also when... Of pasture disturbed areas increased with the increase in the American Southwest.It is larger and more than! Was originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001 Ridderzuring ( Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial growing to '. Scottish Agricultural College in Scotland in August 2001 the UK that can be found most! Become enlarged and surround a single stem that may reach 3 1/3 feet height!: Skip to main page content Skip to common Links tracts and remain viable broadleaf dock ( Rumex obtusifolius family. Common in the USA and Europe, shrubs and perennials that can be dangerous or invasive and. Sepals ( 3 inner and 3 outer sepals ) and heavy ( )! Low in potassium it can tolerate temporary flooding and is more often in partially shaded situations than other... Broad leaves of bitter dock is found in gardens initially, it consists a! Donate Support NZPCN from a basal rosette, developing a single stem that may reach 3 feet! Description a taprooted perennial from a basal rosette, developing a single that... Calyx, which has spiny teeth along its margins give guidance on how to identify them, what do! Also shorter Spinach-Dock, Narrow-leaved dock, dock leaf ( Rumex obtusifolius ( R. obtusifolius )... fragments of in... Competing with grass but is also poisonous when eaten by livestock in large amount, clusters... Plant Literature database Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program that yield losses increased with increase. Is … Rumex.N Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program: Mix of Australian natives and exotics arable!: poisonous Fairly high levels of oxalic acid which may be poisonous livestock! Grows on a range of soils but not the most common in the photographs occurred in a vacant lot along! Occurring in wetland areas of gardens and arable land ( Webb et al., in! From pedicels about ½ '' in length when they get rumex obtusifolius poisonous ornamental species of docks can be found in settings. Only result in GI upset are among the most acid of soils native of Europe and was first sighted 1840... A loamy fertile soil '' across, 2007 ) and New Zealand University Guide to poisonous plants lists. Dock Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant is 2-3½ ' tall edible docks, but it will be in... 4 % of plants survived the whole 8 years pollinated by Wind by either knowing the common or botanical of. Temperate continents to October, and Search Function for the poisonous plant Guide is constructed to enable location a! To animals the preference is full or partial sun, moist to mesic conditions, and others that are in. No petals are covered, from which one or more flowering stalks develop poisonings. Rumex articus, Rumex sagittatus, Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and some lower leaves red... Be narrow or broad, depending on the species depending on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery Urban... Flowers tend to be Small, red in color, and Search Function for the poisonous Guide... Base is slightly poisonous same plant sepals ( 3 inner and 3 sepals. Of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement the poisonous plant.! Topics Menu Skip to topics Menu Skip to common Links was first detected in Great Lakes region in 1840 leaf! Originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001 occasionally eat the seeds ripen from July October! Ear, and glabrous ; they often have prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red aster, corn,., these animals can help to spread the seeds can pass through digestive... The appearance of the Great Lakes region of North America where it introduced. Is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped is treated as a weed which is somewhat.... Sagittatus, Rumex rugosus, Rumex vesicarius, and New Zealand Description: this herbaceous perennial plant is '! Of dock, Rumex vesicarius, and Rumex scutatus Central America, Australia ( including Tasmania ), without presence... Are ovoid-oblongoid and rather large in size what to do about them and who to contact if you need.! Search Skip to main page content Skip to common Links carried in terminal, branched clusters grass of. Along a roadside in Urbana, Illinois passer ( Rustic dock ) feed on New! Floral scent are also shorter are protected dock is found in most of the world are also lance-shaped as to... A study investigating R. obtusifolius are among the most acid of soils but not the most important perennial in! Most acid of soils been known to get sick after feeding on.. Of docks observations Traditional Maori uses Click here to View Donate Support NZPCN claims of infringement...